BlessWorld Foundation International

Affecting the World Through Health
A Global Health Initiative




Blog, Uncategorized

Water is an essential part of our everyday lives; we need water to quench our thirst, to have our bath, to make our meals, to survive. The words of renowned poet, H. Auden: “Thousands have lived without love, not one without water” goes to show the essentiality of water and how fundamental it is to life form existence. Water covers about 71% of the earth’s surface and the human body is made up of about 60% of water. It is trite knowledge that water is one of the three basic needs of all living things, without which no creature on earth will survive.

Water is a substance composed of the chemical elements hydrogen and oxygen and existing in gaseous, liquid and solid states. The chemical formula for water is H2O. The two major types of water are ground water and surface water. The latter is water that is on the earth’s surface in oceans, lakes, rivers, icecaps, glaciers whereas the former is water beneath the earth’s surface.

Water has both physical and chemical properties. The most basic and widely known physical property of water is its appearance which is that water is colorless, odorless and tasteless. However, other physical properties of water include the boiling point of water. This is the temperature at which water changes its state from liquid to gaseous state otherwise known as steam or vapor. The boiling point of water is 100°C or 212°F. The freezing point of water is another physical property of water. This is the temperature at which the water changes from liquid to solidstate, otherwise known as ice or frozen water. The freezing point of water is 0°C or 32°F. Another physical property of water is that it has a polar nature. This means that water is capable of dissolving more substances than any other liquid. This is why water called the universal solvent. Other physical properties of water according to unacademy are:1. The density of water which is the ratio of mass of water to its volume depending on the temperature of the water.2. The specific heat capacity of water which is the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of water.3. The viscosity of water which is the tendency of water to resist any change in its shape or motion4. The surface tension of water which is the capacity of water to get shrunken in the minimum surface area.

One of the chemical properties of water is that is that it can act as both acid and base. This means that water is amphoteric in nature.

Water can be classified into two types: Hard and soft water. This classification is based on the mineral content of water. The hardness of water is determined by the amount of calcium and magnesium present in it. Hard water contains high amounts of calcium and magnesium while soft water is free from these minerals.

The benefits of water are endless. In the human body, one of the many benefits of drinking water are:

Hydration: Health experts recommend that an adult person should take eight- ounce glasses of water daily which is about 2 litres of water. Staying hydrated also helps in maintaining one’s body temperature. 

Lubrication: Water is crucial for many bodily functions such as lubricating the joints, Transportation: Water delivers oxygen throughout the body, preventing kidney damage.

Digestion: Water aids digestion. Health experts confirm that drinking water before, during and after one’s meal will help the body break down the food more easily.

Conclusively, the importance of the water cannot be overstated. The popular saying: “water is life” to a great degree depicts the immeasurable value of water. Water goes beyond its chemical formation, water is vital for the existence of all living creatures.

Inflation is one of the most common terms in economics, finance, and government. It is a very important word in our society and affects everyone. Inflation is defined as the measure of the degree to which goods and services increase in cost over a specified period. The common time frame used to describe or assess the impact of inflation is one year. It is used to measure and understand how much the cost of living, particularly basic needs such as housing, food and utilities have increased over a definite timeline. The economic and financial status of a country is often a function of inflation. In 1974, President Gerald Ford described inflation as the number one enemy in the United States. Till date, inflation has remained an economic thorn globally, plunging countries into long periods of instability. The consequences are dire and causes a ripple effect in all areas of the society including health and healthcare.

These days, the impact of inflation is felt everywhere including grocery stores, gas stations, and pharmacies. For the farming industry, it is the high cost of seed and farming equipment; For the construction industry, it is supply chain backlog and demand for higher wages; and for healthcare industry, it is increased cost of products, services, and labour. In the US healthcare industry more specifically, there has been a decline in profits for providers. Additionally, pressures and rising costs due to inflation continue to negatively affect healthcare projects, patients, and providers. The consequences of inflation in healthcare can be dangerous. When healthcare becomes unaffordable or when people must pay more for services, they are more likely to stay home and avoid going to the hospital. This can lead to severity of medical conditions or even death.

The relationship between inflation and health are complex and extensive. The major challenge healthcare systems face due to inflation is the rising cost of care. In a recent study sampling random physicians at the American Medical Association, no issue came close to high cost of health services, as the major concern for the impact of inflation in healthcare. Governments have continued to find ways to subsidize the cost of health services and reduce the impact of inflation while maintaining the quality of health care provided. In their report, John Virts and George Wilson showed that inflation contributes to rising health care costs and predicted the potential outcome of governments regulating health care prices.

For Nigeria, the healthcare inflation rates increased by about 17% in October 2022 according to the report by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). This is the highest recorded rate in the last thirteen years and is worsened by the persistent public health challenges and weak health system.
Like most countries, everything seems to be getting more expensive, including healthcare. This all-time inflation rates are increased by a complex range of factors including supply chain dynamics, border constraints, public procurement issues, public and private insurance, producers, resellers, and health companies. These factors interact to cause delays in delivery and shortages of medical supplies. They also affect pharmaceutical giants and producers of medical devices and are worsened by the past pandemic and global tensions caused by the Russian-Uranian war.

Given the constantly high demand for health products, low supplies translate to inflation- increasing prices. In Canada, Health Canada regulates the prices of health care products such as medical masks, sample bottles, ventilators, and other essential healthcare goods for the most part. Currently, these products have been in shortage of supply- a recent survey of Canadian producers showed that about 90% of businesses reported significant interruption in business and have increased prices of healthcare products to make up for these disruptions.

There is no perfect solution to inflation; in fact, some economists believe that it is inevitable. Although the recent pandemic resulted in worsened rates of inflation, things are likely to get better with the new stability in the economic environment. According to a report by Rosalie Wyonch- a Senior Policy Analyst at the C.D. Howe Institute, safely recycling possible supplies and better liaison between the government and suppliers will cushion short term disruptions and reduce effects on healthcare consumers.

Food-borne illness or food poisoning is an illness caused by consuming foods that have been contaminated with harmful organisms or germs. These organisms or germs include bacteria, viruses, and a host of other parasites. Common sources of organisms that cause illnesses include uncooked meat, unwashed fruits and vegetables, poorly preserved foods such as chicken, fish, and eggs. However, they can easily cross contaminate other foods. Sometimes, these organisms are introduced to foods by unhygienic food handling processes such as not washing hands before touching foods or storing contaminated food close to other foods. Food can get contaminated during any of the many stages of food production including preparation, processing, cooking, and handling.

Most times, foodborne illnesses are mild and may disappear after some days. Other times, they may be more serious and lead to dehydration and other complications that require hospitalization. The major symptom of foodborne illness is diarrhea, other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, cramping, fever, and bloody stool. The severity of the illness caused is dependent on the immunity of the individual and the organism causing the infection

As already mentioned, foodborne illnesses often clear up without treatment in a few days, it is important to rest and consume lots of fluids to prevent dehydration during this period.Water, soups, or rehydration drinks such as Pedialyte are excellent ways to stay hydrated why sugar containing drinks should be avoided. Drugs that prevent diarrhea (antidiarrheals) can be helpful but must not be given to infants or young children and should not be taken in severe cases of illness.

The good news is that food borne illnesses are preventable. Most cases can be prevented by the following:

•Follow proper hygiene standards when preparing food by washing hands often and always before handling food.

• Always keep all cooking utensils clean and sterile by washing with hot soapy water or dishwasher

• Disinfect kitchen counters regularly

• Always wash fruits and vegetables before eating

• Keep raw meat and foods, away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods or fruits and vegetables

• Ensure that foods regularly contaminated with organisms that cause food borne illnesses such as meat, chicken, fish, and eggs, are fully cooked.

• Store leftovers immediately in the refrigerator and consume foods at room temperature as soon as possible

• Discard spoilt food properly and do not consume unsafe foods

Time and time again, we are reminded of the importance of public health interventions as opposed to total reliance on hospital care. Whether it’s the recent surge of non-communicable diseases like diabetes, cancer and hypertension; or epidemic proportions or the ongoing infectious Covid-19 pandemic, a common theme of overwhelming hospitals is evident. Modern healthcare, in understanding of this, has increasingly advocated for preventive approaches to healthcare. High income countries tend to place emphasis on public health intervention as it tends to actually cut down the burden of diseases and healthcare expenditure in the long run.
For example: In the Covid-19 expenditure, Canada allocated about 15% of its total covid funds to screening alone. Screening, though not commonly heard in the news like vaccination, is a very important preventive health practice. It relies on strong evidence based scientific principles and regular research to investigate conditions when it is most likely to occur and in people most susceptible to it. Screening has produced tremendous benefits in modern healthcare; specifically, a decline in most diseases have been recorded with its incorporation.

The success and actualisation of screening, however, requires both a preventive-conscious health system as well as compliance of the population involved.This is why it is important for better education and media coverage on the necessary screening needed by people so as to increase awareness.This is because a woman would likely seek help from a physician when she notices a bloody discharge from her nipple but would neglect an asymptomatic mass she occasionally feels on her breast. When she knows that a mass like that needs to be investigated, she is likely to seek care which would lead to earlier detection and cure of cancer.
Some people may not visit their caregivers due to fear. Hence, it is important that these fears are allayed by the health media as early detection can be the difference between life and death. People should be made to understand that late presentation is always worse than early presentation. Screening ought to be viewed as a form of self care much like vaccination.
Screening guidelines vary from country to country and also from one individual to another. For example: a traveller, foreigner, immigrant or visitor from a Tuberculosis prevalent country is expected to be screened for TB.

The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC) recommendations on screening are so broad that it would be difficult to exhaust them. However, there are some common ones people should be aware of, they include:
 Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhoea in young sexually active adults
 HIV screening
 Regular breast exam
 Regular testicular exam
 Cervical cancer screening every 3-5 years
 Pap smears from 21 to 65 years
 Regular blood pressure checks
 Lipid studies
 Colonoscopy every 10 years for those above 50 years for colon cancer screening
 Diabetes screen for individuals > 45years
 Screening for common elderly problems like osteoporosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm in women and men more than 65years of age
 Screening in elderly men and women who have smoked for lung cancer, the commonest cause of cancer deaths in both men and women

Although there have been concerns about increased risk of unnecessary interventions due to screening, it is important to understand that screening is backed by scientific principles and health systems always research to know if it is beneficial to the individuals recommended. Regardless of any controversies, healthcare data support the truth that screening, just like vaccination, deserves the attention of any preventive health system.

Despite the lifting of bans and restrictions surrounding Covid in almost every part of the world, the virus is still very much with us. Some people may even argue that-like the flu, COVID has become the new norm. Globally, as of April 15, 2022, there have been over four hundred and ninety-seven million (497,960,492) confirmed cases of COVID-19, including about six million (6,181,850) deaths. Additionally, as of 5 April 2022, a total of 11,250,782,214 vaccine doses have been administered- these numbers, according to World Health Organization, continue to rise daily.

Certainly, the pandemic continues to affect the world both socially and economically. Economically, the world GDP has been negatively impacted to a large extent. Since World War II, the COVID-19 global recession is the toughest recession faced by humankind, affecting virtually every part of the world. According to the International Monetary Fund’s World Economic Outlook Report published in April 2021, global economy decreased by 3.5 percent in 2020, a 7 percent loss compared to the 3.4 percent growth forecast back in October 2019. This decrease in economic growth was most vivid in the poorest parts of the world, although almost every country was affected.

As Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) succinctly puts it, the COVID-19 pandemic worsened already present social and economic inequalities within and between societies. During the peak of the pandemic, pregnant women, low-income households, sick individuals, disabled people and seniors, were disproportionally affected. These already vulnerable groups experienced increased vulnerability to infection by covid, as well as, faced barriers to accessing healthcare. Pregnant women could not have their partners or family present during childbirth, this decreased the amount of support received by these women in such crucial times. On the other hand, seniors- due to lowered immunity, experienced increased susceptibility to COVID-19 and its complications. These groups are still recovering from the traumatic experiences faced during the peak of the pandemic.

Similar to Covid-19, the present war between Russia and Ukraine, like adding fuel to fire, is creating a major humanitarian crisis which has affected millions of people. Additionally, the war has caused an extreme economic shock of significant magnitude that will potentially linger for an extended period of time. Over three million people have already fled Ukraine- a significantly higher number than the number of asylum-seekers that moved into European countries at the height of the Syrian refugee crisis in 2015-16. Certainly, accommodating and providing for these numerous Ukrainian refugees will strain the receiving countries. In the midst of the already strenuous economic conditions caused by COVID, the cost of housing, food, healthcare and childcare will have to be provided by these countries, a totally unplanned economic expenditure.

As an organization whose aim is to affect the world through health, Blessworld Foundation International is available to partner with individuals, government, international organization and other charities in providing support for people impacted negatively by both COVID and the war. Please reach us via our contact numbers.

For about two years now, COVID-19 has plagued the entire world, causing significant changes in the way we live and relate to one another. So far, several medically important strains of the virus, also called variants of concern, have been isolated and identified. Most recently on  November 26 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) designated a new variant of concern, the B.1.1.529. On the advice of WHO’s Technical Advisory Group on Virus Evolution (TAG-VE),, this variant was isolated and subsequently named Omicron,. Decisions on whether a variant should be of concern is based on the evidence presented to TAG-VE about the unique behaviour and characteristics of the virus such as transmissibility, mutative tendencies and severity of disease caused.

It was initially unclear whether Omicron is more transmissible than previously identified variants, including the Delta variant. Although South African researchers reported an increase in the number of people testing positive in parts of the country where the Omicron variant was dominant, epidemiological studies were needed to decipher if the increase was attributable to the new variant or as a result of other factors. In addition, the severity of the disease caused by Omicron was not fully understood, even though some data suggested an increase in the rate of hospitalization. The observed increase may not necessarily be due to infection with Omicron, hence, more research has been conducted in different parts of the world, as researchers continue to better understand the unique characteristics of the Omicron variant.

It is important to note that all identified variants of concern are capable of causing severe disease or death, especially in vulnerable people. It is therefore essential to take all the necessary precautions even before more research is available. This may be the reason why the United Kingdom and Canada initiated restrictive travel guidelines and banned several African countries in early December as a measure to curtail the spread of the new variant. However, following some international backlash and in light of more information about the Omicron variant, the ban was lifted and travel regulations relaxed barely a week afterwards. This is because there is currently no evidence to show that symptoms associated with Omicron are more severe compared to those from other variants  according to WHO and other international/governmental organizations.

Irrespective of the variant identified, vaccines remain indispensable in reducing severe disease and death. More so, PCR tests continue to be reliable in detecting infection, including infection with Omicron. WHO consistently coordinates with a large number of researchers on various topics  around the any variant of concern including viral  transmissibility, severity of infection, vaccine effectiveness, diagnostic testing and disease management. WHO encourages countries and hospitals to collect and report patients data as well as to enhance surveillance methods. Additionally, countries must continue implementing effective public health measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19.


Have you subscribed to KingsPrime TV?

Are you watching Cradle2Fame??

Are you entertained and voting for your favourite housemate???

Join the trend TODAY and relax with the most entertaining and educating LIVE TV SHOW… brought to you by BlessWorld Foundation, where education meets entertainment!!!
Visit or download the Kingsprimetv app from google play or apple store to get started!!!

The major question on everyone’s lips remains “Can COVID-19 be treated?” 

Well, governments, scientists and drug companies have been working very hard to find a cure. So far, Remdesivir, an antiviral agent, was the first drug to gain full FDA approval for the treatment of COVID-19 in October 2020. While many investigational treatments exist, only  Remdesivir and Dexamethasone (a steroid medication) have been approved to lower death rate in hospitalized covid 19 patients. 

Research has established that hospitals, although vital to health systems, have never been the solution to public health problems. Consequently, vaccination is regarded as the means to the end of COVID 19, through achieving herd immunity. This is why vaccination and the hope to attain herd immunity remains the cul de grace- a final trump card to bring an end to COVID-19. The vaccine rollout started as early as late December 2020 in countries like Israel but became very popular in other countries by April 2021, especially in countries that took big hits in terms of death rates like France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom. 

Different types of COVID vaccine include:

  • Protein Subunit: Novavax is working on a protein subunit COVID-19 vaccine
  • Viral Vector: The Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine is a vector vaccine. AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford also have a vector COVID-19 vaccine
  • Nucleic Acid (RNA AND DNA): ThePfizer-BioNTech and the Moderna COVID-19 vaccines use mRNA.

Despite success with vaccine availability, reaching herd-immunity thresholds has been impossible because of factors such as vaccine hesitancy, emergence of new variants and the delayed arrival of vaccinations for children. In most countries, vaccine distribution is stratified by age, with priority given to older people, who are at the highest risk of dying from COVID-19. Therefore, some vulnerable groups  are left out; for example, children (who have less developed active immunity) or adults that have medical conditions or are undergoing specific cancer treatment that cause them to produce few or no antibodies in response to a vaccine. With herd immunity, the spread of the virus in communities are reduced and most people are protected by default.

Currently, Pfizer–BioNTech and Moderna have now enrolled teens in clinical trials of their vaccines, and the Oxford–AstraZeneca and Sinovac Biotech vaccines are being tested in children as young as three. Vaccination rates have also been highly variable across regions in countries. In Canada for example, Yukon, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia have total fully vaccinated above 70% while Nunavut has only 52%. The situation in the United States is even more variable with Vermont at 68% and Alabama at 39%.

 As of October 2021, 62.2% of the U.S. population have had at least one vaccine dose and 52.8% are fully vaccinated. Worldwide, only about 36.5% are fully vaccinated. These percentages are constantly changing.

Estimates from the United Kingdom show that two doses of the Pfizer vaccine are between 85% and 95% effective against symptomatic disease with the Alpha variant, while two doses of AstraZeneca are 70% to 85% effective. Overall, vaccine effectiveness appears to drop about 10% with the Delta variant. With the increase in variants, which may be more infectious and could potentially impact the effectiveness of vaccines, that percentage is now estimated to be higher—some say up to 85%.

Thankfully,, there has been massive support from international organizations like the WHO, UN and Gavi COVAX initiatives and even from non-profit organizations. In Canada, some bodies like the Canadian Red Cross society have increased funding to nonprofit organizations involved in COVID 19 relief in any way. A couple of Canadian nonprofit and charity organizations have been pooling resources together to help different communities manage the crisis. Bless world foundation international has also been engaging communities during this pandemic; specifically, the cradle2fame program aims to support and help with talent development.

Finally, there has been a truly gruesome journey but the world is adapting to this whole change.With up and downs to things returning back to status quo, the post covid era is taking longer than we thought

It takes time to heal and time will heal.

Stay safe.